Leyland Cypress Staking Is Critical


Leyland Cypress trees catch a lot of wind! A deciduous tree like Maples or Oaks have leaves that turn on edge to let the wind pass through, but Leyland Cypress and Thuja Green Giant trees catch the wind. It is important to use the appropriate stakes and tie material for each tree size and also important when they should be removed. For Ball and Burlap trees especially, the trunk to root system connection will have loosened due to loading on the truck, transport to your location, and unloading. Properly staking them will allow that connection to re-tighten and also they will be straight when established. Explained below is exactly which stakes to use, how to secure them and where to purchase the material I recommend. Proper staking is one of the most important steps for success. Don’t waste your money on mulch and invest it on securing your privacy screen trees.

Ten feet and higher trees should be staked with six feet metal fence posts so that each tree is secured in three or four directions. Allowing them to rock back and forth, it will break the root to trunk connection, and a percentage of the trees will die. Ball and Burlap trees from 10 feet through 25 tall should be staked with tree tie webbing from am Leonard item LT500G, the green color is my favorite. It is easy around the trunk yet still has 900 pound test strength. Landscapers have used have used rebar wire or aluminum electric fence wire pushed through two feet sections of garden hose for years which will work for smaller Ball and Burlap (B&B) trees up to thirteen feet tall, but is not strong enough for larger trees and also takes lots of time and dull knives cutting all that garden hose. I always return one year later and collect back my tree stakes and it is very important to cut the tie material from around the trunk. An Arborist knot is best that will hold on but permit some stretching when you secure around the trunk but I also wouldn’t be convinced your helpers used it faithfully on each tree. If you are faithful and remove the tree tie webbing after one year, the tree will not be hurt even if other knots were used.

Fourteen feet and taller trees are best staked by securing the tie around the trunk midway up from the ground (or as high as you can reach) up from the ground. For trees this top heavy, you should not tie to a metal fence post directly in front of the tree because as the wind rocks the tree it will pull the stake up. If you use six feet metal fence posts on trees this size, secure the tie from each tree to the bottom of the tree stake right at ground level in front of the next tree along the row. If you had trees spaced at eight foot on center, and reached up and tied the webbing nine feet high on the trunk, your lines would be at forty five degree angles. Long Island landscapers use four inch diameter pine poles available from Lynch’s garden center in Southampton. Drive in the ground at 45 degree angles away from the trunk. These are strong stakes but still the lines should be tied up midway on the trunks and the lines should be at forty five degree angles for strength to the stakes. Smaller Ball and Burlap trees can be staked with three ply poly twine, it usually comes in white and has a plus in that it rots away after one year. This is great for landscape jobs a good distance away that you might not want to return just to release the tie material.

For seven feet tall B&B trees in twenty-two inch root-ball you can stake with two inch by two inch hardwood stakes six feet tall and use the poly twine or tree tie webbing.

When planting ten gallon size container grown trees five tall I use 1inch diameter 8 feet tall bamboo stakes they can be purchased for around one dollar each. For this application, use a post driver tool and drive the stake down through the root-ball into the ground beneath and use the poly twine. You won’t have to return to the job and collect the bamboo stakes, the portion underground will be rotten by that time and the ply twine will have rotted away as well. After six months walk the row of trees and re-tie anywhere the twine has rotted away, so for fall planted trees re-tie in spring.


Source by David Watterson

What Is the Difference Between Hubcaps and Wheel Covers?


Can You Tell the Difference Between Hubcaps and Wheel Covers?

When you drive through the streets of your city, you’re bound to see vehicles with steel wheels, banged-up alloy rims, and busted plastic hubcaps. Your first impression? It’s always, “Wow, that’s ugly!” But if there’s a chance that someone’s saying that about your car, you should probably do something about it.

If you’re shopping for a solution for your boring wheels, you’ve seen the terms ‘hubcaps’ and ‘wheel covers’. What is the difference, and which one is right for you?

What Are Hubcaps?

Hubcaps aren’t actually what you think they are. Hubcaps are a component on older vehicles and some heavy-duty trucks that serves a small yet important purpose. It’s a small cup that fits tightly over a wheel hub – the area where the wheel bearing resides. It seals out dirt and moisture and holds in grease to keep all the delicate moving parts well lubricated.

Hubcaps are anything but pretty. In fact, most often they’re corroded, dented, and dull. Since hubcaps are smacked in place with a hammer, then pried off occasionally, they live a life of abuse. Because wheel hubs are most commonly a sealed assembly these days, hubcaps are no longer found on your everyday vehicle.

Alright, so it’s splitting hairs; a matter of semantics. But if the part you’re looking for isn’t called a hubcap, what is it? Maybe wheel covers?

What are Wheel Covers?

For a classy, dressed-up look for your wheels, there are a few choices.

You can opt for expensive painted, chrome, or alloy wheels. There are a ton of styles available so you can choose one that suits your style. The problem is that aftermarket wheels corrode easily and can be easily damaged. You could put out big bucks just keeping your wheels looking good.

You can choose wheel skins. These fit directly over your factory wheels and look just like the factory wheel. If you’re looking for the factory design, specific to your vehicle brand and model, this is the perfect choice. You just need to make sure that it’s the right design for the wheels you have, otherwise the wheel skins you buy aren’t going to fit.

Wheel covers, on the other hand, are another option. Wheel covers can be brand-specific or custom-fit. They can be chrome, silver, or painted your favorite color. Wheel covers are easily maintained, durable, and flexible.

Wheel covers are your best choice for customizing your car inexpensively. You aren’t locked into just one design or color, and there’s a hubcap – scratch that – wheel cover pattern you’re sure to love.

Have you accidentally rubbed the curb and cracked or scuffed your wheel cover? No problem! A new set of wheel covers costs a fraction of a single replacement alloy wheel. Have your tastes changed? Easy! You can pick a new wheel cover design and change your car’s look in just a few minutes.

Wheel covers are available in virtually every wheel size on the market. Many aftermarket wheel covers are a universal fit, dependent only on your personal taste. Or, if you’ve lost a factory-installed wheel cover, you can get an individual exact replacement.


Source by Rick Dynek

Pros and Cons – Water Powered Engines


A lot of people are beginning to wonder and discover the process of burning water as partial fuel for their vehicle; while the technology has been around for many many years, it has never been as popular as it is today (due to the high gas prices). Like many say, “whenever there is a disaster, an opportunity arises” Now… I am not a big fan of cliche quotes and terms, but this one is my exception.

In fact people all over the globe have begun the process of converting their cars so they can run on HHO gas. The process is actually quite simple to understand, not to mention the reward is very useful. However in order to achieve this award you need the right guide, mind set, and materials. Beware of scam sites out there that may be promoting useless information. Always make sure there is a money back guarantee.

Pros of Converting Your Car To Run On HHO Gas

  • Increased Gas Mileage
  • Increased Fuel Efficiency
  • Quieter engine and cooler engine temperature
  • Less Fill ups at the gas station
  • Producing less emissions from your vehicle
  • Last but not least… Save 35 – 40 percent of your current gas bill

Now that we have some of the pro’s of converting your car to run on HHO, lets get to some of the down sides.


  • Spend money on a guide and materials (roughly $175 for everything)
  • Takes time and effort
  • Risk buying a useless guide

Now the cons that I described are pretty basic, I mean you are going to have to spend some money and read up a little if you want to do a project like this. No… I am not saying its like building an Ark, however you want to make sure you read your guide carefully.

I almost forgot to mention that HHO generators/Kits are the same thing, they are also reversible and do no harm or damage to the value of the vehicle. You can mount them and un – mount them at any time.


Source by Erik C Fuller

Prevent Car Theft With Glass Etching


Phoenix, Arizona, achieves #4 in the list of top 10 cities with the highest vehicle theft! (2004 National Insurance Crime Bureau [NICB])

In 2002, Arizona had the highest car theft rate in the United States, with the vast majority occurring in Maricopa and Pima Counties. According to the Arizona Automobile Theft Authority (AATA), “a vehicle theft occurs every nine minutes and 16 seconds.” This causes an estimated economic loss of $3.7M to residents of Arizona in 2002 alone!

Don’t be another statistic!

Help to deter theft by etching your auto glass with traceable numbers. This procedure is highly recommended by the NICB, police departments and insurance companies for effectiveness. Although vehicle manufacturers mark some parts, it’s not enough. By permanently installing visible VIN and serial numbers into your vehicle’s glass, you can greatly reduce auto theft and aid in recovery.

You can visit your local auto dealership or window tinting/glass repair facility; or you can do it yourself with an etching kit found on many different websites. In addition to glass etching, the NICB also recommends other popular visible or audible devices such as audible alarms, steering-column collars and locks, wheel locks, theft-deterrent decals and ID markers on the car.

Auto glass etching entails chemically marking the automobile with its own unique vehicle identification number (VIN) on all windows, including sunroofs and T¬-Tops. The chemical process of etching involves using a mild acid that reacts only to the glass. Etching all the glass windows makes the vehicles less wanted by car thieves. The actual etching is small and does not mark or deface the window, but is one of the first details most car thieves see before attempting to steal a vehicle.

The recommended areas to be etched include the following:

  • Front Windshield – drivers side in lower corner by factory VIN number.
  • Side Windows – lower corner, near door lock or handle.
  • Rear Window – driver’s side in lower corner or towards the middle, lower edge.

These are the following steps for the glass etching kit for those handy, do-it-yourself types:

  1. Clean area to be etched with glass cleaner – Remove the blue stencils from the white backing paper and apply to the outside of window glass in the desired locations. With fingertips, gently “pat” the stencil to ensure that it is in full contact with glass, paying specific attention to the area where the VIN number has been cut into the stencil.
  2. Apply a film of etch cream – brush both left and right completely covering all characters.
  3. After etching cream has been on for 5 to 7 minutes: Carefully remove and discard all stencils into a plastic bag or container. Spray etched area with plain water or glass cleaner and wipe dry with paper towel. Repeat process for all windows.
  4. Warning decals – Apply to inside of windows in conspicuous locations. Suggested location: near handles on front doors.
  5. Complete the Insurance “Proof of Etch” certificate.

However, it is recommended to have this done by a licensed professional as this process requires a very steady hand and must be done under optimum conditions.For example; do not etch glass in direct sunlight on very hot days, when the temperature is below 45 degrees Fahrenheit, or in very windy or wet conditions.


Source by Bill Burke

Auto Emblems, Badges, & Decals – What’s the Difference?


At first glance, the words in the title of this article may all seem synonymous; that is, they may appear to be nothing more than three ways of saying the same thing. In truth, however, there are differences, albeit subtle ones.

In this article, I want to show you what those differences are, why they matter, and the criteria you ought to use when deciding whether to use auto emblems or something else for your car. These distinctions are important because each one sends a message about you to those who see it, and that may be very different from the one you intended.

What did these words mean originally?

So to begin with, let’s consider the original meanings of these words. Etymonline is a web site that does just that. According to them, the word emblem was derived from French and Greek, and referred to “inlaid ornamental work” that was “thrown in.” In this sense, it was symbolic of something else.

The word badge probably referred to emblem when it was first used in the 15th century. The word decal was not used until the early 20th century and is a shortened version of decalcomania or the French “decalcomania.” However, it referred to what was known in 18th century England as “transfer printing” – a process in which a design or drawing was transferred from paper to glass or porcelain in the kiln. The print was fixed to the object and when it was fired, the paper vanished, leaving the picture on the plate, vase, or bowl.

What do these words mean today?

The word decal is not found in Roget’s Thesaurus; but the word badge is, and here we discover that it can be used in three ways. The way that most of us are accustomed to is as a means to identify authority. So we have police or detective badges and military badges. Sometimes, we refer to the manner in which someone behaves as a badge of this profession or that profession: the badge of a servant, valet, groom or bailiff. Other times, we refer to a form of behavior, usually disreputable, that is the result of the opinions or feelings of others about us.

Emblem can also signify authority, but it’s much more common to think of it in terms of a representation of our ideas. In other words, it is a symbol of something that’s important to us.

Why does it matter?

I mentioned earlier that the distinctions between them were important because of the messages they gave to others. For example, in the case of auto emblems, the symbol says something about you as the driver. If it simply shows the name of the dealership where you bought the car, then anyone who likes it will know where they can get one, too. If it depicts a national flag, then everyone will know that you’re proud of your country. If it exhibits the logo of a particular group of athletes, then everyone will know that you support that team.

Badges, for the most part, are used to convey authority. On military bases, a general will have a license plate with the appropriate number of stars on it. In a parade, the Grand Marshal’s car will be designated in some way so that everyone knows that that automobile is his, hers, or theirs. A decal, can also be a badge as in those that are door-sized and affixed to the sides of police cars.

Auto emblems also say something about the economic strata from which the driver comes or aspires to. Popular auto emblems include a horse on its hind legs (Ferrari) and two capital Rs superimposed one on top of the other (Rolls Royce). Manufacturers use auto emblems to send a message about their brand to their customers. One can hardly imagine them using a decal for this.

What’s your message?

What message do you want to send to others? Do you want to impress them, inspire them, cajole them? Do you want them to think more of you, less of you, or you don’t care? Your attitudes will determine your behaviour. The next time you go to your car, meander around it, and ask yourself: “What does it say about me?” “What auto emblems would tell people who I really am, or who I want to be?” There’s no time like the present.


Source by John R Martin

How To Sell Cars Online Without Spending Any Money


If you want to sell your junk or scrap cars, which is only occupying the extra space in the garage, then you need to be aware of few things which are required to make the entire selling process easy for you.

First of all you need to do a little research and find a professional who can assist you with this process, and then you need to search the internet and discover the best website which allows you to advertise your cars on their site without any charges. However this may take some time, so all you need to do is be a little patient and you might become lucky and find a website which helps you in selling your cars without any charges.

The reason we recommend online websites to sell cars online is the number of visitors it gets every day, this is a very beneficial way of attracting potential buyers. The other beneficial thing about these websites is that they are reliable; they are trusted by many people who have also used the platform for selling their cars.

Among these tips we also recommend that you write a good catchy car ad which will attract your potential buyer. There are many scammers on the internet so don’t post your personal information like emails, phone numbers or addresses on such websites your potential buyer will contact you from these websites directly.

When you are placing an ad to sell cars online it’s essential that your advertisement is accompanied with high quality car pictures. The photos are necessary before your potential buyer will be interested in seeing the vehicle if you and doesn’t have any pictures, it’s likely that you won’t have many viewers of potential buyers contacting you. When you place the pictures along with the ad make sure that the pictures comprise both outside as well as inside features, so that the viewers can see your car’s all aspects.

The other essential information you should place along with the ad is the wear and tear of your car, if there is any slightest damage to the vehicle then its best that you should be honest about it and place this necessary piece of information in your ad as well. This will help you in attracting serious buyers who will find you honest and reliable and can also make their mind easily for buying your car or not.


Source by Anum Sharf

Impact Of VDP Inventory To Fuel Up The Sales


Once, the responsive website development is done, managing the vehicle’s inventory become a breeze. As, the automotive inventory management influence the traffic volume, conversion rate and sales, the auto dealers prefer employ the third-party companies for the inventory tracking that gives them rich insights about the stock like- what are the models the customers want, what are the vehicles selling quickly, how many units are aging, the prices competitors are offering, and what strategy you should adopt to grow boundlessly.

The seamless inventory monitoring and management help them take a proactive approach so that they can sell more vehicles in less time. This is pretty good, but there is one thing that’s often overlooked. What’s that?

The online inventory tracking of the vehicle detail pages (VDP)!

Yes, tracking the vehicle detail pages is very important, which provides the actionable data such as the number of views the page got, average time spent by the user, the variation in the views every week, the percentage of variation and so forth.

Many advanced analytics tools such as Google analytics and more are available that generate detailed reports for various VDP pages to demystify which activity is generating traffic.

What’s the significance of investing so much in VDP inventory management?

The auto dealers’ website is the virtual presence of the auto dealer showroom where the customers expect to get the same experience and services that they receive in the showroom. The visits, views and average time spent by the users gives you an idea of the customers’ interest that which of the models are getting popular and which are aging.

Leveraging the data, the auto dealer can optimize the website and keep the vehicle’s stock up-to-date in the showroom to better serve the customers what they look for.

According to the Cobalt Business Study report, “The automotive dealers with “higher VIN views” increased their sales. The buzz phrase in social media has been “More VDP (Vehicle Details Page) views, more sales”.

VDP inventory tracking matters a lot! But, how the VDP inventory data can be maximized to shoot up the bottom line? Here is the answer:

1) Promote the least-viewed vehicles

With analytics tools, it’s easy to identify which vehicles are least viewed and are aging in the stock. If any such aged units exist, then it’s time to sell those vehicles.

For this either any special offers or discounts can be put up on the website that pushes up the specific VDP views. Also, the banners or pop-up can be displayed on the main page to promote those models and then redirect the users to the VDPs.

This is the easiest way to keep the vehicles moving in the inventory as well…

2) Add reviews and ratings

Although you cannot refresh the inventory every day, but you can refresh the content frequently in the form of feedback that customers provide. Also, the reviews and ratings have 80% impact on the customers when they buy any vehicle.

Adding the relevant reviews on the specific VDPs page would certainly increase the conversion rate because they reflect the type of services the auto dealer offer.

3) Best-selling vehicles- the sweet spot for marketing!

Instead of content, the facts speaks more and a ton. When you have the big figures for the most-viewed and highly sold cars, it’s better to showcase them to the world to grab the attention.

You can enlist such vehicles and the stats in the marketing campaigns to draw more audience to the website and uplift the leads in the funnel.

With behavioral analytics technology identifying the visitor’s interest is possible which can be utilized for the personalized marketing to target the audience with the vehicles they are in the pursuit of.

4) Seal the trust

Remember, the website is the digital showroom where no salesperson is available who will guide the visitors and establish the trust factor. To convince the visitors to provide their details in the form after visiting the VDPs is a hard nut to crack due to the identity theft issue.

It’s necessary to display the privacy policy, trust badges and more to signal and assure the customers that the information will be kept confidential.

5) Right call-to-action

Stop playing the guessing game with your visitors. The visitors are unaware of what to do once they have reached and browsed the vehicle’s detail page. Properly guide the visitors with a call to action to let them know what to do the next. Keep the call to action that clearly depicts and elucidates what you want to convey. This way VDPs views turned into sales.

Wrapping it up

With technology advancements, creating online visibility with the responsive website not just help the auto dealers populate the traffic volume and generate leads, while the automotive inventory management assists them to keep up with the customers’ interest as well.

Among all the auto dealer solutions, tracking vehicle detail page inventory is one of the important jobs that reflect how efficiently the stocks are managed keeping the changing demands of the customers in mind. Also, it supplements the inventory data with detailed insights and never turned off the customers with a poor experience.

So start paying attention to the VDP inventory tracking to stand out in the market with increased conversion rate and sales.


Source by James Watson

Prepare Your Ford Escape For a Summer Escapade – Use Top Quality Parts


Taking your family or friends for a long ride with your Ford Escape-away from the busy city streets-would be a perfect way to spend the hot summer days and of course, to test this SUV's performance. Ford Escape is an entry-level Sport Utility Vehicle, and although positioned a rank lower than the best-selling SUV, the Ford Explorer, it offers a respectable line of performance auto parts, impressive power and remarkable rugged looks. In 2004, a hybrid Escape model was launched, giving Ford the pride of introducing the first Sport Utility Vehicle to use hybrid technology. The 2004 Ford Escape Hybrid was proven to be 75% more fuel efficient than the other Ford Escape models and other SUVs as well.

You must be excited driving the Ford Escape for your adventure, but before you head for fun, make sure your vehicle is equipped with the necessary auto parts and accessories to ensure your comfort, comfort and most especially, safety. Whether you are driving a Ford Escape or not, you must do a regular checkup on your auto to ensure it's always at its best shape and driving condition. Although built with Ford's high quality standards, Ford Escape Parts are also subject to common car problems, especially when it is not given enough care and attention.

If you want your vehicle to work at its best, do not let small problems pass without fixing them. They can be a big source of stress and great financial burden, too. But do not worry because the friendliest and most comprehensive Ford Parts Discount store offers excellent quality replacement Ford Parts at very reasonable prices. Ford Parts Online now features updated inventory of the most dependable Ford performance parts, Ford body parts and even Ford accessories. If you are thinking about buying Ford Parts Used, think again. You can now buy original top quality Ford parts at exciting deals easy, fast, conveniently and securely online.

Here are some insights that can help you prepare your vehicle for a long ride and some tips on car maintenance. Replacement and aftermarket auto parts stated can be found at Ford Parts Online , the most experienced and trusted Ford Parts Discount store:

1. Ford Wheels [http://www.carpartsmax.com/Ford_Wheels.html/] are the closest to the road, so they are more prone to wear and tear. Always wash your Ford Wheels with soap and water to prevent corrosion. Likewise the tires must be properly scoured to remove deep down grime and small particles it came contact with on the road. If you notice serious problems, do not hesitate to replace them. It's better to spend extra amount for a new wheels rather than suffer the inconveniences of a road accident.

2. Traveling during the hottest days of the year could be wearisome if your air conditioning system is not working. Check the major parts of your a / c system, especially the Ford AC Condenser, which is the one in charge of cooling off the refrigerant gas that absorbs the heat from the cabin. Check if the condenser has leaks; The refrigerant gas could freeze anything it contacts and could suffocate when inhaled.

3. Check the electrical system; Especially, check your Ford Alternators and test the battery. Without these two essential parts of the system, your car will not run. Make sure your battery and the alternator are free from damages.

4. Replace busted Ford Lights. Driving without sufficient light especially at night is extremely dangerous. When driving off-road, you may need additional auto lights for added safety.

5. Lastly, do not forget to check the engine, fuel and the fuel filter to avoid breakdowns and roadside delays. Clean filters could help you improve the vehicle's performance and help you save on fuel expenses.


Source by Jay Stevens

How Does a MAP and MAF Sensor Enhancer Work? – Where to Look



The Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP) sensor signal is electrically used in a similar way to the use of Mass Air Flow (MAF) sensor signal (although internally it is built differently).

It takes a 5 volt signal from the computer, and returns a lower direct current signal in accordance with the vacuum in the engine. A higher output voltage means lower engine vacuum, which is then calculated as “more fuel is needed”. Lower output signal indicates higher engine vacuum, which requires less fuel. It’s not just fuel control though. The MAP senor signal gives the computer a dynamic indication of engine load. The computer then uses this data to control not only fuel injection, but also gear shift and cylinder ignition timing. In some cases it is even used to calculate changes in barometric pressure, to automatically adjust for different altitudes.


The Mass Air Flow (MAF) sensor helps the computer to calculate the flow and mass of the air entering the engine. It does that by measuring the cooling effect of air flow over a heated wire element. The electronic circuit inside the sensor attempts to keep the sensor at a fixed temp.

When it is cooled more by an increased air flow, more current is needed to maintain a constant temperature. The increase in current is converted into a signal and that signal goes to the computer. In most cars this signal would be a high frequency signal. Not as high as a radio wave, but much faster changing than the (relatively) slow frequency of the Oxygen sensor.

During low air flow rates, such as at engine idle, the MAF sensor produces a lower frequency signal. During high air flow rates, such as at wide open throttle-road load, the MAF sensor increases the frequency. The control module then converts these frequencies into their corresponding Grams-Per-Second values.

Yet again, some MAF sensors may work on a straight DC signal 0-5Volts such as the typical MAP sensor. This is the case in some older MAP Sensor designs that have a trap door with a potentiometer connected to its shaft.


The invention we’re talking about here is a simple play with resistors. A resistor is a little piece of carbon that somewhat blocks electrical current. Higher value means it resists more. The potentiometer (“pot” for short) is a resistor, a variable resistor, which varies its value by turning the knob. But it is still only a resistor. There is another resistor, a fixed value resistor, in series to the pot as shown in the diagram below.

The MAP or Manifold Absolute Pressure Sensor is a little though expensive device installed in your intake manifold, or installed on the firewall and connected to the manifold with a thin hose. It has 5 Volts or 12 Volts coming in, and it simply senses the vacuum in the manifold and attenuates (reduces, weakens) this incoming voltage by a certain factor. In other words it reduces the supply voltage to a direct-current voltage in the range of 15% to 60% of the supply voltage (depending on the car’s design these numbers will vary), and this varying (but non-pulsing) signal is then sent back to the computer.

The arrangement of resistors in the MAP Sensor Enhancer simply takes this already attenuated (reduced, weakened) signal – and attenuates it further. Too much attenuation kills the engine, it will simply shut off. Yet if you control it correctly you can lean down the mixture from the stoichiometric (a big word that simply means “balance of ingredients”) which is factory set at 14.7:1 (14.7 parts of air to 1 part gasoline) – down to 20:1, maybe even 50:1 or 100:1.

This device is totally passive and will work just the same if the signal coming in is 12 volts, 5 volts, or whatever comes on the line. The diagram in the book is the SIMPLEST way of doing this. The line from the sensor to the ECU is cut, and you place a pot on the line as shown in the photo contained in the book. Further below you will see the improved enhancer based on the same principle.


Source by Zac Bassham

Crash Test Results Regarding the RideSafer Travel Vest


Traffic accident reconstruction has been around for a while. Police use the laws of physics and engineering principles along with other information, such as, the role of the drivers, the role of the vehicles and the environment and conditions of the roadway in order to come to a conclusion as to what may have caused a specific accident. During crash testing for vehicles and car seats the same principles are used. However, they are used to show how safe a vehicle or car seat is for the consumer.

Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration has Standard No. 213

The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration has Standard No. 213 for child safety restraints. This section tests everything with specific types of crash test dummies and specific restraints for the age range and size of a real child. This is how we as consumers know that our children are safe and they are in a certified restraint system.

Testing the RideSafer Travel Vest

The RideSafer Travel Vest went through the same battery of testing as all child restraint systems do. There are 4 types of injury criteria that is looked for when testing for safety. Head excursion (excursion meaning lunge forward), knee target excursion, head injury excursion and chest acceleration. The guidelines for each test are 813 mm maximum for head excursion, 915 mm maximum for knee target Excursion, 1000 maximum head injury criteria and 60 grams maximum for chest excursion. The main cause of children s injuries in crashes come from head injuries when the head is flung forward and back again. Even if you install your child’s seat correctly their head will still hit the drivers seat in front of them. However, car seat and restrain manufacturers are developing new designs every day to deal with head injury.

RideSafer 2 Crash Test Results

The RideSafer 2 and 3 were both tested with a 3 year old crash test dummy and a 6 year old crash test dummy in the vests respectively. The RideSafer Travel Vest 2 and RideSafer Travel Vest 3 both passed the FMSSV 213 standards with great results.

The RideSafer Vest 2 is enabled with an attachable tether that attaches in two places on the back of the vest a making the shoulders more stable and making the child sit straighter in the seat. The other tether is locked onto your car’s LATCH system. The lap belt was also engaged during this phase of testing and passed, meaning that the standards were met with just the tethers and lap belt being engaged, therefore making the RideSafer Vest 2 “Certified” under FMSSV 213. This model of the vest was also tested with lap and shoulder belts engaged and passed as well. Each mode of restraint passed the standards with the numbers being at least below half the FMSSV 213 criteria.

RideSafer 3 Crash Test Results

The RideSafer Travel Vest 3 was tested with the lap and shoulder belts engaged and passed with great marks as well, however, since it wasn’t simply “lap belt-only” tested it could not be “Certified” under the standards of the FMSSV213. All child booster seats are tested under the “lap belt-only” criteria. The RideSafer Travel Vest 3 also passed with numbers that were well below the standards set by the FMSSV 213.


Source by Jennifer Bland